Vase generator with Processing for 3D printing – (Part 1)

In the previous tutorial we have implemented a possible structure of classes for generating G-code with Processing, now we will apply it for something more interesting than our usual cube 🙂 : a vase generator.

If we did things properly before, today we will only have to focus on the Creator class. Let’s start.

 

Creating a Vase Generator

First we create a new inherited class from Creator: let’s call it Vase. We will set in the constructor its position, while the other instances will have default values. To modify them we will use methods that return the same Vase object so that we can use method chaining.

class Creator {
  ArrayList<Path> paths = new ArrayList<Path>();

  Printer printer;
  Settings settings;

  Creator(Printer t_printer, Settings t_settings) {
    printer = t_printer;
    settings = t_settings;
  }
}

class Vase extends Creator {
  float center_x;
  float center_y;

  float len = 10;
  float wid = 10;
  float hei = 10;

  int sides = 4;

  Vase(Printer t_printer, Settings t_settings, float c_x, float c_y) {
    super(t_printer, t_settings);
    center_x = c_x;
    center_y = c_y;
  }

  Vase setCenter(float x, float y) {
    center_x = constrain(x, 0, printer.width_table);
    center_y = constrain(y, 0, printer.length_table);
    return this;
  }

  Vase setLength(float l) {
    len = constrain(l, settings.path_width, max(printer.width_table, printer.length_table));
    return this;
  }

  Vase setWidth(float w) {
    wid = constrain(w, settings.path_width, max(printer.width_table, printer.length_table));
    return this;
  }

  Vase setWidthAndLength(float wl) {
    wid = constrain(wl, settings.path_width, max(printer.width_table, printer.length_table));
    len = constrain(wl, settings.path_width, max(printer.width_table, printer.length_table));
    return this;
  }

  Vase setHeight(float h) {
    hei = constrain(h, settings.layer_height, printer.height_printer);
    return this;
  }

  Vase setSides(int n) {
    sides = n;
    return this;
  }
}

Now we create a generate() method for our class, similar to the one that we have seen in the previous tutorial for the cube:

class Vase extends Creator {

  //...

  Vase(Printer t_printer, Settings t_settings, float c_x, float c_y) {
    super(t_printer, t_settings);
    center_x = c_x;
    center_y = c_y;
  }

  void generate() {

    paths = new ArrayList<Path>();

    float tot_layers = hei / settings.layer_height;
    float z = 0;

    float angle_increment = TWO_PI / (float)sides;

    for (int layer = 0; layer<tot_layers; layer++) {

      z += settings.layer_height;
      paths.add(new Path());

      for (float angle = 0; angle<=TWO_PI; angle+=angle_increment) {

        float x = center_x + cos(angle) * len;
        float y = center_y + sin(angle) * wid;

        PVector next_point = new PVector(x, y, z);

        paths.get(paths.size()-1).addPoint(next_point);
      }
    }
  }

  //...

}

Let’s test it:

void setup() {
  size(800, 600, P3D);

  cam = new PeasyCam(this, 100);

  _printer = new Printer();  
  _settings = new Settings();
  
  Vase vase1 = new Vase(_printer, _settings, _printer.x_center_table, _printer.y_center_table);
  vase1.setSides(5).setWidthAndLength(20).setHeight(50).generate();

  _processor = new Processor();
  _processor.addObject(vase1);
  _processor.sortPaths();
  
  _drawer = new Drawer(_processor, _printer);
  
  _gcodeGenerator = new GcodeGenerator(_printer, _settings, _processor);
  _gcodeGenerator.generate().export();
}

void draw() {
  background(255);

  _drawer.displayAll(color(0,150));
}

vase_generator_1

Now we can start to make things more interesting. How about applying a rotation to our cube?

class Vase extends Creator {
  float center_x;
  float center_y;

  float len = 10;
  float wid = 10;
  float hei = 10;

  int sides = 4;

  float rotation_increment = 0;

  Vase(Printer t_printer, Settings t_settings, float c_x, float c_y) {
    super(t_printer, t_settings);
    center_x = c_x;
    center_y = c_y;
  }

  void generate() {

    paths = new ArrayList<Path>();

    float tot_layers = hei / settings.layer_height;
    float z = 0;

    float angle_increment = TWO_PI / (float)sides;

    float rotation = 0;

    for (int layer = 0; layer<tot_layers; layer++) {

      z += settings.layer_height;
      rotation += rotation_increment;
      paths.add(new Path());

      for (float angle = 0; angle<=TWO_PI; angle+=angle_increment) {

        float x = center_x + cos(angle + rotation) * len;
        float y = center_y + sin(angle + rotation) * wid;

        PVector next_point = new PVector(x, y, z);

        paths.get(paths.size()-1).addPoint(next_point);
      }
    }
  }
  
  //...


 Vase setRotation(float r) {
   rotation_increment = r;
   return this;
 }

}

 

void setup() {
  size(800, 600, P3D);

  //...
  
  Vase vase1 = new Vase(_printer, _settings, _printer.x_center_table, _printer.y_center_table);
  vase1.setSides(5).setWidthAndLength(20).setHeight(50).setRotation(PI/200).generate();

  //...
}

vase_generator_2

Now we will add some oscillations on the three axes.

class Vase extends Creator {
  
  //...

  float amount_oscillation_XY = 0;
  float increment_oscillation_XY = 0;

  float amount_oscillation_Z = 0;
  float increment_oscillation_Z = 0;

  //...

  void generate() {

    paths = new ArrayList<Path>();

    float tot_layers = hei / settings.layer_height;
    float z = 0;

    float angle_increment = TWO_PI / (float)sides;

    float rotation = 0;

    float oscillation_Z = 0;

    for (int layer = 0; layer<tot_layers; layer++) {

      z += settings.layer_height;
      rotation += increment_rotation;
      oscillation_Z += increment_oscillation_Z;

      Path new_path = new Path();

      float oscillation_XY = 0;

      for (float angle = 0; angle<=TWO_PI; angle+=angle_increment) {

        oscillation_XY+=increment_oscillation_XY;

        float x = center_x + cos(angle + rotation) * (len + sin(oscillation_XY) * amount_oscillation_XY + sin(oscillation_Z) * amount_oscillation_Z);
        float y = center_y + sin(angle + rotation) * (wid + sin(oscillation_XY) * amount_oscillation_XY + sin(oscillation_Z) * amount_oscillation_Z);

        PVector next_point = new PVector(x, y, z);

        new_path.addPoint(next_point);
      }

      new_path.makeClosed();
      paths.add(new_path);
    }
  }

  //...

  Vase setOscillationXYAmount(float w_l_xy) {
    amount_oscillation_XY = w_l_xy;
    return this;
  }

  Vase setOscillationXY(float w_xy) {
    increment_oscillation_XY = w_xy;
    return this;
  }

  Vase setOscillationZAmount(float w_l_z) {
    amount_oscillation_Z = w_l_z;
    return this;
  }

  Vase setOscillationZ(float w_z) {
    increment_oscillation_Z = w_z;
    return this;
  }
}

 

void setup() {
 
  //...

  Vase vase1 = new Vase(_printer, _settings, _printer.x_center_table, _printer.y_center_table);
  vase1.setSides(60)
    .setWidthAndLength(20)
    .setHeight(50)
    .setRotation(0.005)
    .setOscillationXY(0.5)
    .setOscillationXYAmount(10)
    .setOscillationZ(0.05)
    .setOscillationZAmount(2);
  vase1.generate();
  
  //...

}

vase_generator_3

With the same technique we can apply many more edgy transformations: how about a second layer of oscillations? Or add some Perlin noise on the three axis? Can you skew the hole shape as a spiral? Try it yourself! Remember that you can create more than one object, you just need to pass all of them at the end to the Processor. Maybe you can think of a way (like a new class) of processing multiple objects at the same time, dispose them in a grid or other pattern. Experiment and show us what you came up with!

What we have written so far is good and is working, however it is a little bit annoying to set the parameters and restarting the program every time; it would be much better if we could visualize the changes on the fly and then export the G-code when we are happy with the results. That’s what we are going to do in the next tutorial, by adding a GUI to our vase.

Stay tuned!

 


wall panel cnc file

2 comments

Leave a Reply